Pentecost is the fiftieth day of Passover; however, if you check your calendar for this year, you will find that the Church is not celebrating Pentecost on the fiftieth day of the Jewish Passover, so what gives? We find the Old Testament commandment for Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks, and its required offering in Leviticus 23:15-17: And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. It compensates for the changes in the Jewish calendar and the inaccuracies in the Julian calendar. As long as the Temple stood and the Sadducees were in charge, their view prevailed. In this strategic time in history, “God is Pushing the Reset Button.” In order to pass through this crucial period, it will require some intense chiropractic adjustments including Recalibration. The Feast of Firstfruits was the celebration of the beginning of the barley harvest. The Biblical Passover is tied to the agriculture growing seasons consisting of 12 months. The Pharisees, however, interpreted "Sabbath" not literally as Saturday, but figuratively, as the day of rest to be observed on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven weeks after the resurrection, the dynamic manifestation of the Holy Spirit among the early Jewish believers became the catalyst for many to put their faith in God's Messiah. ]. Pentecost is the end of the wheat harvest. Passover and Pentecost: Optional or Obligatory? Some wrongly think that the chief purpose of the Church is to provide a place for people to worship and enjoy God. Along with variations in date, diversities also arose in the understanding of the holiday's purpose. From Passover to Pentecost April -May 2020. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. Teachings, worship, rites, sermons, and terminology. EU contact options ›. Then Shavuot would always fall on the seventh Sunday after Passover. You shall bring from your habitations two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. Since the statement of John 13:1 can be resolved as a historical or anecdotal comment, and not a chronology, then … The traditional view of the Rapture is that there is only one harvest, and then comes the end. Most marked quotations are under copyright. One of three major feasts during the Jewish year, it […] 438 (October 26th.2014) PASSOVER, PENTECOST AND TABERNACLES …. When it's like this year, the Wave Sheaf Offering Day is three days later than in the middle of the week. The Pentecost that followed Jesus' death and resurrection was the occasion on which the Holy Spirit was given to believers in… However, Scripture gives abundant witness that it consists of three “Raptures” symbolized by the 3 main Jewish feasts, Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. Though the loaves were made of fine wheat flour, they contained leaven, a symbol of sin. Pentecostis thefestival at which Christians celebrate the gift of the Holy Spirit, and it iscelebrated on the 7th Sunday, 50 days after Resurrection Sunday. Traditional Jews of Jesus' time celebrated Pentecost (or Shavuot) on the fiftieth day after the waving of the firstfruits. The Christian holy day generally falling on the first day of the Jewish Passover. Yet that was not quite the case. The journey from Passover to Pentecost is one in which we have opportunities to truly come to know God and to develop the trust and dependence that is to be the basis of our ongoing relationship. The title of my split sermon is “Christ in the Holy Days, from the Passover to Pentecost” This early growing season ended seven weeks later with the cutting of the wheat harvest, and for that crop, a different kind of offering was decreed. Observe the Feast of Passover. Over the centuries the Festival of Weeks came to be known as Pentecost ("day of Pentecost" Acts 2:1). When the Passover is in the middle of the week you have the first day of the count toward Pentecost just a little bit half way. They are the firstfruits to the Lord. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. The event of Pentecost was the "birthday" of the Church—the welding together of Spirit-filled disciples into one organism—the living body of Christ. In the first case, Israel was brought together by the Law (rules of constitution), in the latter, believers in Christ were bonded together not by rules, but by the Holy Spirit within them. Pentecost occurs in the month of Sivan (May/June), 50 days after Passover, and celebrates the end of the grain harvest. First Fruits was the beginning of the barley harvest that starts with Passover. The Passover is also known as the Paschal. 3 Raptures: Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles “Celebrate a festival in My honor three times a year. The confusion comes from the word Easter. Passover: from Egypt to Pentecost ... ** Passover is a fixed date every year only changing due to the fluctuations of the vernal equinox – between March 19 to March 21. Pentecost was the party at the end of the grain harvest. A Critique of Samuele Bacchiocchi's God's Festivals in Scripture and History, Part 1, The Spring Festivals This book represents the first of a two-volume project dealing with the annual Biblical Feasts and their relevance for Christians today. See also. The Passover celebration was an eight day celebration which also incorporated the day of firstfruits (Resurrection Sunday) and the … The holiday we call Easter in English is called Passover in other languages—and this is fitting, because Easter is the Christian Passover. He doesn't want us to remain in seclusion waiting for miracles. Originally, Pentecost was a Jewish holiday held 50 days after Passover. (Heb.11:6) But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him [Do we? Copyright ©1995-2020 by the Rev. The Book of Jubilees (of Second Temple times) indicates that Shavuot was also celebrated as an annual memorial of God's promise to Noah never again to destroy the world by flood. As we continue in our moment of reset, we are moving into the 7-week, 50-day period of time where we will see the contending over the aligning of nations. More widely accepted today is the idea, based on rabbinic calculations, that Shavuot was when God gave the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai, and the holiday has become a time for commemorating that occasion. Later in the Old Testament this feast became known as “Pentecost” (“fiftieth”), since it was celebrated on the fiftieth day after Passover.” Lev. (The ban lasted for centuries.) God wants such a harvest from every kindred tribe and nation. That is, the Jewish Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Jewish Passover, the Orthodox Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Orthodox Passover, the western Christian Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the western Christian Passover, which we confusingly call Easter in English. Within each system, Pentecost is the fiftieth day of Passover. More details on the 12 Let us always look to His WORD, the Bible from which we have come to understand these truths. The dates of the fast, March 1 - April 9, were initially chosen years ago to culminate on the anniversary of the Azusa Street Revival. Or if Jesus was slain AFTER the lambs were slain, with an official Passover meal as the Last Supper, then it is a total of 52 days to Pentecost. At Sinai on that first Shavuot and later at Pentecost, God created a nation set apart for Himself. "The Lord added to the Church daily those who were being saved" (Acts 2:47b). 23:15-16 says, ““You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. Orthodox Christians calculate the date of Passover using a formula that was adopted at the First Ecumenical Council at Nicæa in AD 325. PASSOVER TO PENTECOST. Within each system, Pentecost is the fiftieth day of Passover. Second the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles in the Upper Room and other followers of Yeshua/Jesus while they were in Jerusalem celebrating Shavuot, (the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:1–31). Starting Page > More Like This > Top of this Page. Considered together, these feasts tell one sweeping story of redemption from death and slavery to freedom and abundant harvest blessing. The current Jewish calendar was not in effect at the time of the Crucifixion. There were several festivals, celebrations, or observances that took place before Pentecost. Of these three festivals, the two that are of interest are the Passover and the feast of Weeks. As we, God's people, remain faithful to this task, the harvest will grow. We have entered into a 50-Day Divine Reset from Passover into Pentecost. To celebrate the Giving of the Law, the Ten Commandments are read in the synagogue on the first day of the weeklong festival, and plants and flowers reminiscent of the slopes of Mount Sinai decorate the sanctuary. Pentecost is a Christian holy day that celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit 40 days after Easter. Though Passover and Pentecost had dates attached to them that coincide with the Hebrew calendar, here in 2020, they are ongoing realities. That is, the Jewish Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Jewish Passover, the Orthodox Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Orthodox Passover, the western Christian Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the western Christian Passover, which we confusingly call Easter in English. The firstfruits wave offering consisted of a sheaf of barley, the first crop of the spring growing season. It refers to the Jewish festival celebrated on the fiftieth day after Passover, also known as the "Feast of Weeks" and the "Feast of 50 days" in rabbinic tradition. See the Copyright Notices for details. We read in John 20:21,22 that the risen Christ breathed on each of the disciples and filled them with the Holy Spirit weeks before Pentecost! Passover is also the time of the barley harvest. First, Yeshua died as the perfect, sinless sacrifice. That speaks of the fact that the Church, though refined (cleansed by the blood of Yeshua's sacrifice), still retains the human sin nature until that day when she will be presented as the Bride of Christ, without spot or wrinkle. Pentecost. For believers in Yeshua, Shavuot becomes an archetype of what happened seven weeks after the crucifixion and resurrection of Yeshua. There were two major schools of thought on the interpretation of the Leviticus 23 text. In Christian tradition, … The Nicene formula uses the Julian calendar as its base, since the Julian calendar was the civil calendar of the Roman Empire at the time. I Its connection to Israel’s salvation history is unclear, though it eventually grew to commemorate the giving of the Law, due to speculation by the rabbis that the 50 days marked the time it took for Israel to journey from Egypt to Mount Sinai where the Law was given. Chapter 34 is the same order after Moses had to write the Law. The Sadducees interpreted Sabbath in verse 15 to mean the literal seventh day of the week, so that the barley sheaf was to be offered on the first Sunday of Passover or the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Passover is one of the most widely celebrated Jewish holidays. There is controversy today as to when the New Year Abiv 1 occurs. There was Passover, there was Unleavened Bread, and there was the Feast of Firstfruits. If you don't see an email from us in the next few weeks, please check your spam or junk folder in your email account to make sure our messages have not been filtered. Pentecost – observed fifty days from the Feast of First Fruits. Surely there are times when we ought to wait on the Lord for His empowerment, but He wants an active, dynamic Church to bring His message of salvation to the ends of the earth (Acts 1:8). At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit moved upon each of the disciples to bring about the united story of the Church. Kenneth W. Collins. Whatever is out of alignment, will be challenged. That would be the fifteenth of the Jewish month Nisan, regardless of what day of the week it was. The entire spring religious season of Israel, from Passover to Pentecost, speaks of God's plan to harvest a holy people for Himself. Though various Christian denominations commemorate Pentecost, many forget that it was a Jewish holiday before the Church was established. So the rabbis reformed the Jewish calendar at least twice, the first time was about AD 200. In essence, 2020, as a year, is about a lengthy Passover and a lengthy Pentecost. Then they would count 49 days until the next harvest which was called the Feast of Weeks also known as Pentecost. I say of Passover and not after Passover because the counting begins with one rather than zero. The Pentecost is Israel’s second major feast. There, it was received by Gentiles as well as by other Jews, an the Church became established abroad. All Jewish males without disabilities are required to participate in the Pentecost. You have permission to use this material and you can send me an email. The Feast of Pentecost or Shavuot has many names in the Bible: The Feast of Weeks, the Feast of Harvest, and the Latter Firstfruits.Celebrated on the fiftieth day after Passover, Shavuot is traditionally a joyous time of giving thanks and presenting offerings for the new grain of the summer wheat harvest in Israel. The other major feasts of the Jews are the Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles. We ask hard questions about faith and the issues facing our Jewish people today. “When theDay of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, andit filled the whole house where they were sitting. He revealed Himself and how to live as a redeemed community, a kingdom of priests and a holy nation (Exodus 19:6). THROUGH FAITH. THROUGH FAITH. From this ancient point of view, Passover doesn't actually end until the fiftieth day when Pentecost occurs. EU residents: Sorry but we can't take your info on this site. He wants us to go out among those who do not know Christ to tell them, in the power of the Holy Spirit, of God's salvation. Based on this interpretation, the barley offering would be made on the sixteenth of Nisan, and Shavuot would come seven weeks later, on the sixth day of the month Sivan, on whatever day of the week it might fall. Thus, the inclusion of the Gentiles completed the symbolism of the wave offering, where the High Priest offered two loaves of fine wheat flour baked with leaven. Passover, Weeks, and Tents. Then there appeared to them… In the Passover exodus, God brought a people out from among the nations. Today, however, the date of Shavuot is based on the generally accepted interpretation of the Pharisees. 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