It is a good idea to check both sources. WO 361/1788 Prisoners of war, Germany: Sergeant … Over 100,000 soldiers of the British Armed Forces were captured during this war and placed in prisoner of war camps. They include both British prisoners of war and other nationalities. A regimental surgeon in war and prison (Krefeld, Minden, Sennelager, Paderborn, Gütersloh). For liberation reports, use the advanced search in our catalogue to search WO 208 by surname and either first name or initials. The reports may provide details of escape attempts and organisation. Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops. … Belaria had apparently been a cadet training area for the Wehrmacht before it was turned into a prisoner of war camp. The Germans were obliged to apply this humane treatment to Jewish prisoners of war who wore the British Army's uniform, thus sparing them the horrific fate meted out to other Jews. The guide provides advice on the various types of PoW records we hold and how to search for them at The National Archives. Second World War - PoWs held in the Far East, selected prisoners of war records 1715-1945, British Army Prisoners of War, 1939-1945 database, Correspondence of the Foreign Office, 1920-1951, Prisoners of war, British Army, 1939-1945, Prisoners of war, naval and air forces of Great Britain and the Empire, 1939-1945, Prisoners of war, armies and other land forces of the British Empire, 1939-1945, index cards for British prisoners of war who were captured by the Japanese, National Archives and Records Administration, Friends of The National Vilvoorde, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. But two generations ago, at the height of the second World War, immigration – from enemy territories, to boot – was both incredibly common and barely remarked upon. In 1914, Germany captured more prisoners than Britain had and by 1915, Germany had more than a million prisoners of war. Please be aware that due to the way we collate, and cross reference our databases, Nearly a year after the end of World War II, a large number of German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being detained in post-war Britain. Many reports include appendices which can provide further information relating to: Browse and download selected lists of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war in WO 392/1-26 for alphabetical lists of prisoners of war from all branches of HM Forces held in Germany or German-occupied territory, Italy and Japan or Japanese-occupied territory. German Prisoners of War. Churchill's Unexpected Guests: Prisoners … Use this to identify the relevant book within WO 347/14-59, the book numbers run sequentially. We add around 200,000 new records each month. Also browse using our catalogue in: Consult CAB 101/199 and WO 32/14550 for some reports made by former PoWs. Search for missing RAF personnel in AIR 81. Search by surname in ADM 358 for enquiries into missing naval personnel. Search among the correspondence and claims files in the Foreign Office claims department records, in series FO 950, for accounts from Britons imprisoned on enemy territory during the Second World War. The prisoners were held in some fifty German POW camps, of several types. For further details, please see the ‘arrangement’ information in the WO 416 series description which also includes a list of the details which these cards can contain. Use the card index to identify which document reference you require in: Consult reports of escapees in AIR 40/1545-1552 for information about Royal Air Force prisoners of war who escaped or evaded capture. The fortress had also served as an Oflag in World War I. Wikimedia Commons. Use the guide ‘reports by prisoners of war, Second World War’ available at The National Archives for guidance on how to find references and the explanation of the appendices. This was a reprisal for the British and French using forced German prisoner labour on the Western Front: the French had forced German prisoners to work under shellfire for months on the Verdun battlefield. In 1946, the year after the end of World War Two, more than 400,000 German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being … Register with your email address now, we can then send you an alert as soon as we add a record close matching the one you were searching for. The Prisoner-of-War camp is presumably POW Camp 2218 and was managed by British forces of the 21st Army Group and housed over 12,000 Axis POWs, both men and women. If you are looking for a report that has not been digitised, you will need to use the card indexes. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. Browse our catalogue in WO 361 for enquiries into missing army personnel in both Europe and the Far East. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google research. The Belligerent Countries sent lists of prisoners of various nationalities to the ICRC. Post World War II hangings under British jurisdiction at Hameln Prison in Germany. The story of the British and German prisoners living together in Ireland, hushed up during and after the war, only came to light in the 1980s, when English novelist John Clive heard the story from a taxi driver who had served as a guard at Curragh, and decided to research the matter for a novel. These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. Original Source: National Archives references WO392/1 – WO392/20.Hayward 3 volumes-‘Prisoners of War - armies & land forces of the British Empire 1939-45’ ISBN 0903754630Page sources:The national archives’ War Office: Directorate of Prisoners of War: Prisoners of War Lists, Second World War’. Some Reminiscences of a Prisoner of War in Germany. We have an extensive library of magazines and books detailing POW life in General and camps in particular in our ‘historic documents library’, some of which are seldom seen and rare, often with good quality photographs too! WWII Escapers and Evaders; Sketch showing life of British prisoners of war in a German camp during World War Two. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. Please note that this series is still accruing and currently only goes up to June 1940. The prisoners were held in some fifty German POW camps, of several types. The reports cover prisoners held in Europe (and North Africa). The Imperial Japanese Army was at war with China starting in 1931, when Japan conquered the northern province of Manchuria. M/S of prisoners carving up piece of meat. Active 3 years ago. Find the digitised reports by searching for the person’s name in our catalogue. Where a liberation report exists it may provide more details than the liberation questionnaire. There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II.Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War. Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. These included the Stalag (Stammlager, permanent camps for noncommissioned officers and enlisted men), Stalag Luft (Luftwaffestammlager, permanent camps … World War 2 prisoner of war records now available to read online Britons represent the largest number in the collection, followed by Dutch, Americans and Australians mirror In 1944, the course of war began to change drastically, and it became clearer that Germany was losing the war. If you are trying to establish whether someone was a British or Commonwealth prisoner of war held in Germany or a German-occupied territory, it may save time to start by consulting the following published sources, all held at our library in Kew. Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops. WO 392; IMPERIAL PRISONERS OF WAR HELD IN GERMANY OR GERMAN-OCCUPIED TERRITORY. Within … You can use them to search for a person. Ratisbon; World War II POW Camps [edit | edit source] POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II. German POW’s captured in campaigns in Western Europe, were held in Allied POW camps. Ellison, Wallace (1918). Two … Nazi Germany operated around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps (German: Kriegsgefangenenlager) during World War II.. Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War.. Search with terms like ‘POW’ and ‘prisoner’ and, less reliably, with the names of individuals. Several hospitals for British prisoners; Reserve Lazarett II and H65 are the principal ones. Sussex, England: The Naval and Military Press. In 1944, the course of war began to change drastically, and it became clearer that Germany was losing the war. These reports include internal indexes. Archives 1914-1918: during the First World War, 10 million people, servicemen and civilians, were captured and sent to prisoner-of-war and Internment camps. Search results may include other types of documents held in WO 208 – liberation reports falls within the range WO 208/3336-3340. Archive pictures of German prisoners held by the British following the second world war. Sets of record series collectively make up record departments, most of which represent the central government departments which originally collected and created the records. v3.0, except where otherwise stated, British and Commonwealth prisoners of the Second World War and the Korean War. Ian Cobain. British … Prisoners of war, British Army, 1939-1945 2. You will need to start your search by consulting the indexes. There is no general index to prisoners, so searching for individuals may be hard. Belgium, 1945. The first British prisoners were released and reached Calais on 15 November. 1. Articles 77-80 of the International Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War imposed upon a country detaining PoWs a duty to report their capture to their own government. Sun 2 Apr 2006 19.03 EDT. PoW reports were compiled by the Red Cross and supply details of camp conditions. As the Second World War progressed across Europe, Japan continued to expand its empire by sending troops into Indochina and threatening British and Dutch colonies. Escaped! The Geneva Convention of 1929 established the rules for the treatment of prisoners of war that were used in World War II. 13 of 31. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode. For help translating some of these characters see the Dutch National Archives’ guide on translating Japanese POW cards. POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. 2. It is not possible to find records using a person’s name (catalogue descriptions for these records do not include names) so, instead, use any of ‘prisoner of war’, ‘POW’ ‘P.O.W’ or ‘P.W.’ plus one or more of the following: 1. the nationality of the prisoner 2. the eventual outco… WWI Prisoners of War in Germany & Turkey Military records of British Prisoners of War (PoWs) during the Great War period are often incomplete, difficult to find, and hard to access. These records are arranged by nation (Germany or Japan) and then alphabetically. Their numbers reached a peak of around 400,000 in 1946, and then began to fall when repatriation began. From 1917, Germany sent British … UK, British Prisoners of War, 1939-1945. KREUZNACH. Oflag XII-B was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp for officers (Offizierlager) located in the citadel of Mainz, in western Germany. View 'Italian prisoners of war in Austria: impressions and memories', a book on the British Library's World War One website. That's what occurred between 1939 and 1948, when thousands of Germans, Ukranians and others became Britain's prisoners of war, according to a new book. MT 9/3954 Examinations taken by British prisoners of war (WW2) WO 32/15502 Shooting of 50 RAF officers at Stalag 3 1944-5. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence Prisoners of War (Germany) By Heather Jones and Uta Hinz Long overlooked, the prisoner of war experience of the estimated 2.4 million combatants held in German captivity during the Great War has recently been the subject of significant new research. German prisoners in batches of 1,000 arriving at a prisoner of war camp during World War I. Germany, 1917. These documents primarily concern servicemen who escaped internment, were repatriated before the end of the war… Two hospitals in the town. German POWs from Holland are seen arriving by boat to England in this archive footage filmed during WWII in 1940. Vilvoorde, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. The search for records held at Kew can, however, begin online, by searching for document references in our online catalogue. Various shots of German prisoners of war in prison compound being marched out on working party, and at work trench digging. Many of the prisoners died during the marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot along the way. 5. However, The National Archives has a substantial collection of British and Commonwealth Prisoners of War records from WWII, most of which can be found at the War Office, Air Ministry, Admiralty or Foreign Office. You have two options: Each entry in the card index provides a prisoner’s name, rank, number, corps and the record reference to the report in WO 208, which you can view at The National Archives. Germany There were over 100,000 members of the British armed forces captured during the Second World War and placed in one of the different types of prisoner of war camps run by the Germans. No basic decency and courtesy generally shown by competing soldiers was shown. Dolbey, Robert V. (1917). In 1946, the year after the end of World War Two, more than 400,000 German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being … From 1939 to 1944, captured soldiers from 33 nations passed through the camp. In total Some 95,000 American and 135,000 British and Commonwealth servicemen were incarcerated in prisoners of war (POW) camps in Germany during World War II. Contact the American National Archives and Records Administration for records of over 100,000 helpers and correspondence files of the Allied Screening Commission, and the routing slips of the Commission’s paying and investigating officers. For almost 60 … Search this collection . 6 Jan 2021. 09:00 to 17:00. Ingolstadt. WW2 was a war of hatred. 1 is the book number and 13 the page number. Not all the records in this series are yet open to the public, nor are they all name searchable in our catalogue, so in some cases there are access restrictions. The series also includes miscellaneous prisoner of war rolls and details of what happened to some individual PoWs. They were held in a network of POW … This list may not reflect recent changes . If you are trying to establish whether someone was a British or Commonwealth prisoner of war held in Germany or a German-occupied territory, it may save time to start by consulting the following published sources, all held at our library in Kew. Read our guide on RFC, RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for other records on RAF prisoners of war. UK, British Prisoners of War, 1939-1945 [database on-line]. Prisoners of War 1715-1945 was … See WIKI British World War II prisoners of war for links to Wiki page of many British prisoners. POWs in post-war Britain. The sketch was passed by the German censor, and shows an eight-sleeper bunk in the camp. The experiences of these prisoners differed in certain important respects from those of captured German servicemen held by other nations. British prisoners of war: interviews and reports, 1914-1920 Search and download ( £ ) interviews and reports concerning 3,000 British PoWs (WO 161) on our website. These are selected digitised records from a variety of record collections held at The National Archives, including Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Admiralty and Air Force collections. Prisoners of War Camp Mühlberg (Stalag IV B) Second World War (1939-1945) Mühlberg/Elbe +0049 353427068; Germany Brandenburg Mühlberg/Elbe; Stalag IV B was the largest POW camp on German soil during the Second World War and was opened in September 1939. Home » World War Two » Prisoners of War in WW2 » German Prisoners of War. By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time, 2 million exclusive records, found only on our site, Records transcribed in the UK for maximum accuracy, 1 on 1 Personal assistance from military photo and document experts, Access to Orbats mapping tool, allowing you to trace your WW1 ancestors steps. Browse through WO 344 in our catalogue for questionnaires completed by liberated prisoners of war who had been held captive by the Germans or Japanese. The sketch was made in Stalag XXI D in Posen, Poland, by Lieutenant J F Watton of the 4th Border Regiment who was captured near the Somme in June 1940. In 1917, Germany kept British and French prisoners of war on the Western Front in dangerous locations, carrying out forced labour. Use this guide if you are looking for records of British or Commonwealth prisoners of war (PoWs), as well as some PoWs from Allied countries, taken prisoner between 1939-1945 or 1950-1953. This was achieved usually through the agency of another state - generally a neutral country - acting as a 'Protecting Power' for such personnel. British prisoners of war: interviews and reports, 1914-1920 Search and download ( £ ) interviews and reports concerning 3,000 British PoWs (WO 161) on our website. London: John Murray. The Americans did the same to a lesser extent. The following abbreviations for German prisoner of war camps are found in our records: Search notifications of prisoner of war deaths (RG 32) at bmdregisters.co.uk (£). At ground level, between the rows, coils of barbed wire were laid. At present they are only taking search requests enquiries that meet certain criteria – see their website for further information. German prisoners of war were allocated the same food ration as British servicemen and given access to medical care. Use the following reference codes to target specific departments in which PoW records are held: The rest of this guide provides advice on which record series within these large departments are specifically, and in some cases exclusively, series of PoW records and how to search through them. Browse the indexes in WO 347/60-200 and choose the relevant surname range. In total Some 95,000 American and 135,000 British and Commonwealth servicemen were incarcerated in prisoners of war (POW) camps in Germany during World War II. Search and download selected prisoners of war records 1715-1945 on Findmypast (£). Army personnel The sketch was passed by the German censor, and shows an eight-sleeper bunk in the camp. These were transit camps where details of the prisoners were processed and they were interrogated. These Eastern Front reprisals were horrific and many prisoners died of cold and starvation. Viewed 1k times 5. Prisoners … Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images. Personnel of the British armed forces as well as Merchant seamen were captured during the Second World War and placed in one of the different types of prisoner of war camps run by the Germans. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. Read our guide on war crimes for records of prison guards and other camp personnel who may have been tried for crimes committed in the camps, as well as details of camp conditions. Many of the sources for British Prisoners of War in Europe also cover British Prisoners of war in the Far East. Between 1939 and … L/S of the prisoners playing football, with cut-ins of other prisoners watching. The Russians simply tortured and killed any SS soldier they captured. 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